Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. First under Shaji and later under his son Shivaji, the Marathas grew in number and strength. This brought him into direct confrontation with the rising power of the Marathas. Aurangzeb’s policy of religious persecution of the Hindus, who formed the bulk of the population of the country, hastened the process of the fall of his dynasty. from Northern India to the Deccan, where the Emperor went in. What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? Thus began the Deccan campaign of Aurangzeb. After Shah Jahan's vassals had been devastated by the alarming expansion of Ahmednagar during the reign of the Nizam Shahi boy-prince Murtaza Shah III, the emperor dispatched Aurangzeb, who in 1636 brought the Nizam Shahi dynasty to an end. His long and tedious campaigns against the Marathas ruined the economy of the state. To most of us, Deccan policy is no exception. For more than a decade, Aurangzeb appeared to be in full control. with his family, his . The Marathas were the only shield against the Mughals, and the Deccani states were not prepared to throw it away. Information about mughal empire and Mughal Kings In Chronological Order and The rule of Mughal starting from 1526 to 1857 has greatly contributed to the history of India. His policy of religious persecution of the Hindus, who formed the bulk of the population of the country, hastened the fall of his dynasty. Aurangzeb: The Man and the Myth by Audrey Truschke. In 1637, Aurangzeb married the Safavid princess, Dilras Banu Begum, also known … He was the hero of the Deccan wars, twice became the governor of Deccan. Aurangzeb marched into Marwar, occupied Jodhpur and imposed Jaziya on the Rajputs. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. Babar had little time to spare in regard to the Deccan, still his conquest of Chanderi in 1528 brought him close to the northern borders of Malwa. Aurangzeb granted the Rajas of Mewar and Marwar high mansabs to gain their support. Aurangzeb decided to march to Deccan to capture the rebel prince and to punish his enemy in the Deccan. Deccan Policy: Aurangzeb spent 26 years of his life and reign in the Deccan, which he could neither control nor ignore. Moreover, Aurangzeb’s long stay in the Deccan (almost 25 years) neglected the administration of his empire in the North. BJP's Telangana chief Bandi Sanjay said that they would bring Rama-Rajya to the state's people who are “rejecting the leaders inspired by We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Aurangzeb was above all. One of the greatest Islamic leaders in history, Alamgir was ably assisted by Murshid Quli Khan to implement the land reforms in Deccan. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. This empire was also very vast and prosperous, so Aurangzeb wanted to have it under his control. Gov. Religious Policy of Aurangzeb is one of the most Controversial topics from Medieval Indian History. Aurangzeb spent the last 25 years of his life (1682-1707) in the Deccan. In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Sambhaji (the son and successor of Shivaji), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. Aurangzeb Alamgir was born in Dahad (near Ujjain) in 1615. Deccan Policy . He re-imposed the hated jiziya on the Hindus. As these people were very strong and courageous and they also did not accept the overlordship of the ruler. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. India - India - Aurangzeb: The empire under Aurangzeb (ruled 1658–1707) experienced further growth but also manifested signs of weakness. He died in 1707 in Aurangabad. Aurangzeb looked into the minutest details of administration, he read the petitions submitted to him and either wrote orders with his own hand or dictated them. It also obscures the fact that the so-called religious policy of Aurangzeb was in fact, condi-tioned and influenced by political and material considerations through- In accordance with Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy, he annexed Bijapur and Golconda. Decline of Mughal Empire. 370 various levels continues to colour our understanding of Aurangzeb's actions at various levels, particularly the political. Further, Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy gave a death blow to the Mughal empire. Many Letters preserved in Adab-i Alamgiri, give us an information about the next six years of Aurangzeb’s life. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh and Berar. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb: Right from the time of Akbar, the Mughal emperors were following the Deccan policy traditionally. Aurangzeb’s Deccan Policy: The conquests of Bijapur and Golconda made the empire too big to be administered efficiently. His … Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Aurangzeb followed this policy as a matter of legacy. According to J.N. The Mughal Empire - by John F. Richards March 1993. On 26 February 1628, Shah Jahan was officially declared the Mughal … As a result of this, he lost the support of the Rajputs who were … Aurangzeb became the emperor after he won the war of … Aurangzeb's Religious Attitude and Policy. Failure of Aurangzeb made him anxious and he decided to force the issue. From the above Rajput’s policy of Aurangzeb, has shows that the Mughal Relations with the Rajput during Aurangzeb had reverted the traditional policy of his predecessors towards the Rajputs. Aurangzeb and his Deccan Policy class-7 Kriti Educational Videos. Jadunath Sarkar remarks, “What Gaul was to Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. of Deccan Important to view Aurangzeb's policies as rising out of complex motivations and factors, not merely due to his personality; Sources from. There is simply no comparison between Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and Delhi Sultan Muhammad Bin Tughlaq (“Man of Ideas”) the two were totally different. Answer: Aurangzeb wanted to crush the growing powers of the Maratha’s. Aurangzeb's policies towards the decline of Mughal empire • Aurangzeb’s religious policy was largely responsible for the downfall of the Mughal Empire. 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